Community of PracticeState of mind
Communities exist within the company but outside the organisation to share knowledge and know-how
The idea of Communities of Practice (CoP) was first proposed by cognitive anthropologist Jean Lave and educational theorist Etienne Wenger in 1991 [Lave 2008].
Wenger further developed the concept in a 1998 book "Communities of Practice" [Wenger 2007]. For Wenger, these communities are a means of learning that can be classified in the style of education called socioconstructivism [Wikipedia 2021-1] which brings together individuals around [SAFe 2021-11] :
- a field in which a common interest is found
- a community of people who have an interest in this field
- practices shared by this community to address this domain
These communities are interested in sharing the tacit knowledge held within an organisation [Nonaka 1998].
At Spotify, for example, there are two types of CoPs :
which each have their own mode of governance [Moustier 2019-1] [Kniberg 2012].
SAFe also proposes the use of CoPs [SAFe 2021-11] because these CoPs allow:
- the emergence of a culture that cuts across the organisation
- a greater attachment to the company
- increase connections between people and thus promote productivity [SAFe 2021-12].
- cross-functional improvement of skills and fight against the Dunning-Kruger effect [Wikipedia 2021-2]
Application to test maturity
When the organisation sets up a CoP around testing practices, the participants in such a community come to share knowledge of testing practices by taking advantage of the experiments carried out in certain teams and generate a momentum for innovation in the company.
In addition, the CoP is also a source of meetings between different testers who will be able to forge links outside the hierarchy and facilitate software quality at the systemic level in terms of mutual aid, tools and functionalities linked to the product.
Agilitest's position on this practice
Due to its simplicity, the adoption of Agilitest in an organisation can be greatly facilitated by a test-related CoP.
Agilitest, like any tool, offers practices. Amongst these practices, one can for example bring out a common way of implementing the BDD and the related Ubiquitous Language.
To go further
- [Kniberg 2012] : Henrik Kniberg - « Scaling Agile @Spotify - with Tribes, Squads, Chapters and Guilds » - Oct 2012 - https://blog.crisp.se/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/SpotifyScaling.pdf
- [Lave 2008] : Jean Lave & Etienne Wenger - 2008 - ”Situated Learning - Legitimate Peripheral Participation” - ISBN 978-0-521-42374-8
- [Moustier 2019-1] : Christophe Moustier – JUN 2019 – « Le test en mode agile » - ISBN 978-2-409-01943-2
- [Nonaka 1998] : Ikujiro Nonaka, Noburo Konno - « The concept of ‘Ba : Building a Foundation for Knowledge Creation » - California Management Review - Vol 40 n°3 - Printemps 1998 - http://home.business.utah.edu/actme/7410/Nonaka%201998.pdf
- [SAFe 2021-11] : SAFe - FEV 2021 - “Communities of Practice“ - https://www.scaledagileframework.com/communities-of-practice/
- [SAFe 2021-12] : SAFe - FEV 2021 - “Business Agility“ - https://www.scaledagileframework.com/business-agility/
- [Wenger 2007] : Etienne Wenger - « Communities of practice - Learning, meaning, and identity » - ISBN 978-0-521-66363-2
- [Wikipedia 2021-1] : Wikipedia - MAI 2021 - “Constructivisme social” - https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructivisme_social
- [Wikipedia 2021-2] : Wikipedia - MAR 2021 - “Effet Dunning-Kruger” - https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effet_Dunning-Kruger